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Medical Science Under Dictatorship, by Dr. Leo Alexander

In July of 1949, The New England Journal of Medicine printed an article by Dr. Leo Alexander titled MEDICAL SCIENCE UNDER DICTATORSHIP. Dr. Alexander acted as consultant to the Secretary of war, and the Chief of Counsel for War Crimes held in Nuremberg Germany.

The paper is considered a classic, justifiably earning the highest respect through the decades since its publication. In it, Dr. Alexander explains what happens to medicine when it "becomes subordinated to the guiding philosophy of the dictatorship." That philosophy is Hegelian, or "rational utility" which Alexander said "replaced moral, ethical and religious values."

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